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The Guards Division north of the Ypres–Staden railway held its ground; the French repulsed the Germans around St Janshoek and followed up to capture Bixschoote. German counter-attacks in the afternoon against II Corps on the Gheluvelt plateau, intended to recapture Westhoek Ridge, were able to advance a short distance from Glencorse Wood, before the 18th Division artillery and a counter-attack pushed them back again. In the Second Army area south of the plateau at La Basse Ville, a powerful attack at 3:30 p.m. was repulsed by the New Zealand Division. X Corps also managed to hold its gains around Klein Zillibeke against a big German attack at 7:00 p.m. On 4 August, Haig claimed to the Cabinet that the attack was a success and that casualties had been low for such a big battle, 31,850 men from 31 July – 2/3 August, compared to 57,540 losses on 1 July 1916. An advance of about 3,000 yards (2,700 m) had been achieved, German observation areas on the highest part of the Gheluvelt Plateau near "Clapham Junction", the ridge from Bellewaarde to Pilckem had been captured and nine German divisions had been "shattered" and hurriedly relieved by the first echelon of Eingreif Divisions, implying that fresh divisions had replaced them in turn, beginning the process of drawing German divisions to Flanders, away from the bulk of the French armies. An unusually large number of German dead were counted, more than 6,000 prisoners and 25 guns had been taken. The nine attacking Fifth Army divisions, had been intended to gain the green line and possibly parts of the red line and then be capable of pressing on to the Passchendaele–Staden Ridge in a later attack, before needing to be relieved. The green line had been reached in the north but only part of the black line in the south on the Gheluvelt Plateau, at a cost of 30–60 percent casualties and about half of the tanks engaged had been knocked out or bogged down.

投稿日時 - 2017-06-26 22:08:49

QNo.9345559

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>The Guards Division north of the Ypres–Staden railway held its ground; the French repulsed the Germans around St Janshoek and followed up to capture Bixschoote. German counter-attacks in the afternoon against II Corps on the Gheluvelt plateau, intended to recapture Westhoek Ridge, were able to advance a short distance from Glencorse Wood, before the 18th Division artillery and a counter-attack pushed them back again.
⇒イープル-シュターデン鉄道北の護衛師団はその(獲得)地面を維持し、フランス軍はサン・ヤンショーク周辺のドイツ軍を追い返してビショーテ攻略を推し進めた。ゲルヴェルト台地の第II軍団に対するドイツ軍の午後の反撃はウェストホーク・リッジの奪還を意図していたが、第18師団の砲撃の前にグレンコース・ウッドからわずかな距離しか進むことができず、反撃にあって再び押し戻された。

>In the Second Army area south of the plateau at La Basse Ville, a powerful attack at 3:30 p.m. was repulsed by the New Zealand Division. X Corps also managed to hold its gains around Klein Zillibeke against a big German attack at 7:00 p.m. On 4 August, Haig claimed to the Cabinet that the attack was a success and that casualties had been low for such a big battle, 31,850 men from 31 July – 2/3 August, compared to 57,540 losses on 1 July 1916.
⇒ラ・バス・ヴィル(下町)にある台地南の第2方面軍地域では、午後3時30分の強力な攻撃がニュージーランド師団によって撃退された。第X軍団も8月4日午後7時にドイツ軍の大攻撃に対してクライン・ズィレベケ周辺の取得分を何とか維持できたことで、ヘイグはこの攻撃は成功の部類であって、そのように大きな戦いにしては犠牲者は少なかった(1916年7月1日の57,540人の損失と比較して7月31日-8月2/3日の31,850人)と内閣に主張した。

>An advance of about 3,000 yards (2,700 m) had been achieved, German observation areas on the highest part of the Gheluvelt Plateau near "Clapham Junction", the ridge from Bellewaarde to Pilckem had been captured and nine German divisions had been "shattered" and hurriedly relieved by the first echelon of Eingreif Divisions, implying that fresh divisions had replaced them in turn, beginning the process of drawing German divisions to Flanders, away from the bulk of the French armies.
⇒「クラパム交差地点」の近くのゲルヴェルト台地の最も高いところにあるドイツ軍の観察地域で、およそ3,000ヤード(2,700m)の進軍が成し遂げられ、ベレワードからピルケムへ延びる尾根が攻略され、ドイツ軍の9個師団が「粉砕されて」、急遽アイングリーフ師団群の第1エシェロン(部隊組織)の救援を仰いだ。このことは、新しい数個師団が順番に交替したこと、およびフランス方面軍の本体から離れて、フランドルにドイツ軍師団(の主力)を引き込むプロセスが開始されたことを意味していた。

>An unusually large number of German dead were counted, more than 6,000 prisoners and 25 guns had been taken. The nine attacking Fifth Army divisions, had been intended to gain the green line and possibly parts of the red line and then be capable of pressing on to the Passchendaele–Staden Ridge in a later attack, before needing to be relieved. The green line had been reached in the north but only part of the black line in the south on the Gheluvelt Plateau, at a cost of 30–60 percent casualties and about half of the tanks engaged had been knocked out or bogged down.⇒異様なほど膨大なドイツ軍の死者数が数えられ、6,000人以上の囚人と25門の銃砲が捕縛された。第5方面軍攻撃隊の9個師団は、赤線部を獲得し、そしておそらく緑線部も獲得して、その後の攻撃で救援が必要になる前に、パッシェンデール-シュターデン・リッジを圧迫できることを目指した。緑線部の北は手に入れたが、ゲルヴェルト台地南の黒線部は一部だけで、しかも30–60%の犠牲者コストを払った。そして、交戦した戦車の半分は叩き出されるか、エンコしてしまった。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-01 14:17:58

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-01 14:32:37

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