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Despite "ideal" weather, air observation failed as it did on the II Corps front. The forward elements of both divisions were overrun and killed or captured. By 10:15 a.m. the corps commander, Lieutenant-General H. Watts, had brought the barrage back to the start-line, regardless of survivors holding out beyond it. At 2:08 p.m. Gough ordered that a line from Borry Farm to Hill 35 and Hindu Cottage be taken to link with XVIII Corps. After consulting the divisional commanders, Watts reported that a renewed attack was impossible, since the reserve brigades were already holding the start line.
There were few German counter-attacks on the front of XVIII and XIV Corps, which had also not been subjected to much artillery fire before the attack, as the Germans had concentrated on the corps further south. Despite the "worst going" in the salient, the 48th Division got forward on its left, against fire from the area not occupied by 36th Division on its right; 11th Division advanced beyond Langemarck. The 20th and 29th Divisions of XIV Corps and the French further north, reached most of their objectives without serious counter-attack but the Germans subjected the new positions to intense artillery fire, inflicting heavy losses for several days, especially on the 20th Division. The German army group commander, Crown Prince Rupprecht wrote that the German defence continued to be based on holding the Gheluvelt Plateau and Houthoulst Forest as bastions, British advances in between were not serious threats. Ludendorff's verdict was less sanguine, writing that 10 August was a German success but that the British attack on the 16 August was another great blow. Poelcappelle had been reached and despite a great effort, the British could only be pushed back a short distance.

Analysis
The British plan to overcome the German "deep battlefield", was based on a conventional attack in three stages but the artillery was able to arrange a fire plan which was far more sophisticated than in previous attacks. The creeping barrage preceded the infantry and in some places moved slowly enough for the infantry to keep up.

投稿日時 - 2017-07-23 14:38:05

QNo.9354949

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>Despite "ideal" weather, air observation failed as it did on the II Corps front. The forward elements of both divisions were overrun and killed or captured. By 10:15 a.m. the corps commander, Lieutenant-General H. Watts, had brought the barrage back to the start-line, regardless of survivors holding out beyond it. At 2:08 p.m. Gough ordered that a line from Borry Farm to Hill 35 and Hindu Cottage be taken to link with XVIII Corps. After consulting the divisional commanders, Watts reported that a renewed attack was impossible, since the reserve brigades were already holding the start line.
⇒実際、「理想的な」天候にもかかわらず、第II軍団前線上での航空観察は失敗した。両師団の前衛部の要員は蹂躙されて殺され、あるいは捕縛された。午前10時15分までに、軍団の司令官H.ワッツ中将は、集中砲火を越えて耐えている生存者も何もおかまいなく、その集中砲火を再度開始戦線に戻した。午後2時08分に、ゴフは、ボリー農場から35番ヒルやヒンドゥー・コテージに続く戦線を、第XVIII軍団と連結するように命じた。師団の司令官らと相談した後に、すでに予備旅団が開始戦線を保持しているので、攻撃更新は不可能である、とワッツは報告した。

>There were few German counter-attacks on the front of XVIII and XIV Corps, which had also not been subjected to much artillery fire before the attack, as the Germans had concentrated on the corps further south. Despite the "worst going" in the salient, the 48th Division got forward on its left, against fire from the area not occupied by 36th Division on its right; 11th Division advanced beyond Langemarck. The 20th and 29th Divisions of XIV Corps and the French further north, reached most of their objectives without serious counter-attack but the Germans subjected the new positions to intense artillery fire, inflicting heavy losses for several days, especially on the 20th Division.
⇒第XVIII、第XIV軍団の前線に対するドイツ軍の反撃はほとんどなかった。ドイツ軍がさらに南の軍団に集中したので、攻撃の前に多くの集中砲火に晒されることもなかった。突出部の「最悪の成行き」にもかかわらず、第48師団左翼は、第36師団右翼上の占領されなかった地域から来る砲火に対抗して前進した。第11師団はランゲマルクを越えて進んだ。第XIV軍団の第20、第29師団、およびフランス軍はさらに北へ進み、さして重大な反撃を受けることなく大半の標的に達したが、ドイツ軍は、特に第20師団に対して、新しい陣地を数日の間強烈な大砲火に晒して重い損失を与えた。

>The German army group commander, Crown Prince Rupprecht wrote that the German defence continued to be based on holding the Gheluvelt Plateau and Houthoulst Forest as bastions, British advances in between were not serious threats. Ludendorff's verdict was less sanguine, writing that 10 August was a German success but that the British attack on the 16 August was another great blow. Poelcappelle had been reached and despite a great effort, the British could only be pushed back a short distance.
⇒ドイツ方面軍の軍団司令官、皇太子ルプレヒトは、要塞としてゲルヴェルト高原とフースルスト森林の中や間を通る英国軍の進軍は、深刻な脅威ではなかったので、ドイツ軍の守備隊はそれ(高原・森林)を保持し続け、そこに陣取り続けたと書いた。ルーデンドルフの評決はそれほど活気はなく、8月10日はドイツ軍の成功であったけれども、8月16日の英国軍の攻撃は、もう1つの大きな打撃となったと書いている。英国軍はポエルカッペルに到達し、ドイツ軍の大奮闘にもかかわらず、英国軍はほんの短い距離を押し返されただけであった。

>Analysis
The British plan to overcome the German "deep battlefield", was based on a conventional attack in three stages but the artillery was able to arrange a fire plan which was far more sophisticated than in previous attacks. The creeping barrage preceded the infantry and in some places moved slowly enough for the infantry to keep up.
⇒分析
ドイツ軍の「奥深い戦場」に打ち勝つ英国軍の計画は、かねてよりの3段階に分かれた攻撃に基づいたけれども、砲撃に関しては、前段階の攻撃よりずっと洗練された砲火計画を手配することができた。纏いつく集中砲火が歩兵に先行先導し、場所によっては歩兵隊が着いて来られるよう十分ゆっくり動いた。

※前後逆になりましたが、7月22日分は次回にお答えします。

投稿日時 - 2017-08-06 22:23:05

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-08-06 22:57:27

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