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Divisional artillery commanders asked for two aircraft per division, exclusively to conduct counter-attack patrols. With observation from higher ground to the east, German artillery fire inflicted many casualties on the British troops holding the new line beyond Langemarck.
The success of the German 4th Army in preventing the Fifth Army from advancing far along the Gheluvelt Plateau, led Haig to reinforce the offensive in the south-east, along the southern side of Passchendaele Ridge. Haig gave principal authority for the offensive to the Second Army (General Herbert Plumer) on 25 August. Like Gough after 31 July, Plumer planned to launch a series of attacks with even more limited geographical objectives, using the extra heavy artillery brought in from the armies further south to deepen and increase the weight of the creeping barrage. Plumer intended to ensure that the infantry were organised on tactically advantageous ground and in contact with their artillery, when they received German counter-attacks. Minor operations by both sides continued in September along the Second and Fifth army fronts, the boundary of which had been moved northwards, close to the Ypres–Roulers railway at the end of August.

Casualties
The Official Historian J. E. Edmonds recorded British casualties for 31 July – 28 August as 68,010, of whom 10,266 had been killed, with a claim that 37 German divisions had been exhausted and withdrawn. Calculations of German losses by Edmonds have been severely criticised ever since. By mid-August the German army had mixed views on the course of events. The defensive successes were a source of satisfaction but the cost in casualties was unsustainable. The German Official History recorded the loss of 24,000 casualties from 11–21 August, including 5,000 missing, 2,100 prisoners and c. 30 guns. Rain, huge artillery bombardments and British air attacks, greatly strained the fighting power of the remaining German troops. In 1931, Gough wrote that 2,087 prisoners and eight guns had been captured.

投稿日時 - 2017-07-25 23:12:23

QNo.9355886

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>Divisional artillery commanders asked for two aircraft per division, exclusively to conduct counter-attack patrols. With observation from higher ground to the east, German artillery fire inflicted many casualties on the British troops holding the new line beyond Langemarck.
⇒諸師団の司令官らは、反撃パトロールを実施するため、独占的に1個師団当り2機の航空機を要求した。ドイツ軍砲兵隊の砲火は、より高い地面からの東方向の観察によって、ランゲマルクの先に新しい戦線を保持する英国軍に多くの死傷者数を負わせた。

>The success of the German 4th Army in preventing the Fifth Army from advancing far along the Gheluvelt Plateau, led Haig to reinforce the offensive in the south-east, along the southern side of Passchendaele Ridge. Haig gave principal authority for the offensive to the Second Army (General Herbert Plumer) on 25 August. Like Gough after 31 July, Plumer planned to launch a series of attacks with even more limited geographical objectives, using the extra heavy artillery brought in from the armies further south to deepen and increase the weight of the creeping barrage.
⇒ゲルヴェルト高原に沿って第5方面軍が遠くへ進軍するのを、ドイツ第4方面軍が阻止することに成功した。このことで、ヘイグは、パッシェンデール・リッジの南側に沿って南東の攻勢隊を補強するに至った。ヘイグは、8月25日に、第2方面軍(ハーバート・プルーマー将軍)に、攻勢に関する主要な権限を与えた。7月31日の後のゴフのように、プルーマーは、一層狭く限定した地理的標的に対する一連の攻撃開始を計画した。そして、纏いつく集中砲火を深め、増幅させるために、さらに南方の方面軍から呼び入れた特別な重砲兵隊を用いた。

>Plumer intended to ensure that the infantry were organised on tactically advantageous ground and in contact with their artillery, when they received German counter-attacks. Minor operations by both sides continued in September along the Second and Fifth army fronts, the boundary of which had been moved northwards, close to the Ypres–Roulers railway at the end of August.
⇒プルーマーは、自軍の砲兵隊がドイツ軍の反撃を受けた時には、その砲兵隊と歩兵隊を接触させて、戦術的に有利な地面で確かな編成隊に組織化するつもりであった。両軍の小規模な作戦行動が第2、第5方面軍の前線に沿って9月中続いたが、その境界は8月の終わりに北へ動いて、イープル-ルレルス鉄道の近くに留まっていたのであった。

>Casualties
The Official Historian J. E. Edmonds recorded British casualties for 31 July – 28 August as 68,010, of whom 10,266 had been killed, with a claim that 37 German divisions had been exhausted and withdrawn. Calculations of German losses by Edmonds have been severely criticised ever since. By mid-August the German army had mixed views on the course of events.
⇒死傷者数
広報史家J. E.エドモンズは、7月31日-8月28日の間の英国軍の死傷者数を68,010人で、うち10,266が死亡したと記録した。ただし、37個のドイツ軍師団が消耗し、退去したという主張も添えた。エドモンズによるドイツ軍の損失の計算は、その時以来厳しく批判されてきた。8月半ばまでのドイツ方面軍については、平時の見込み数を混ぜていた。

>The defensive successes were a source of satisfaction but the cost in casualties was unsustainable. The German Official History recorded the loss of 24,000 casualties from 11–21 August, including 5,000 missing, 2,100 prisoners and c. 30 guns. Rain, huge artillery bombardments and British air attacks, greatly strained the fighting power of the remaining German troops. In 1931, Gough wrote that 2,087 prisoners and eight guns had been captured.
⇒防御の成功は満足の淵源であったけれども、死傷者数のコストは維持不可能であった。「ドイツ公共史」は、8月11日-21日の損失を、2,100人の囚人、5,000人の行方不明者、および30門の大砲を含めて、24,000人の死傷者数を記録した。雨、莫大な大砲砲撃、および英国軍の空襲により、残留のドイツ軍隊の戦闘軍勢は大いに緊迫していた。1931年に、ゴフは、2,087人の囚人、および8門の大砲を捕縛していたことを書き留めていた。

※ところどころ怪しげな訳文があると思います。誤訳の節はお詫びします。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-31 22:55:29

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-08-01 23:02:53

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