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During the British infantry advances, German artillery managed a considerable amount of counter-battery fire, particularly from Zillebeke to Verbrandenmolen but this was not enough to stop the British artillery heavily bombarding German reserve battalions of the Stellungsdivisionen (ground-holding divisions), as they made futile attempts to counter-attack from 10:00 a.m. – 1.30 p.m. At 1:48 p.m. the British standing barrage in front of the new line ended. British air reconnaissance from zero hour was conducted by a contact aeroplane over each corps area, to observe the progress of the British infantry and one counter-attack observation machine watching for German counter-attacks, from which German Eingreif units were seen advancing from the Flandern III Stellung at Menin, Moorslede and Westroosebeek. During the day 394 wireless messages were received from British observation aircraft and about  1⁄3 of the reports resulting in immediate artillery fire.
After 3.00 p.m., approximately three German infantry battalions were reported north of the Menin Road, moving up the Reutelbeek valley towards Polderhoek and a similar force with field artillery was seen moving west towards I Anzac Corps at Polygon Wood and Anzac spur. Another force was observed descending from the Poelcappelle spur at Westroosebeek, towards positions held by the Fifth Army. The troops were the leading regiments of three Eingreifdivisionen, 16th Bavarian from Gheluwe, 236th Division from Moorslede and 234th Division from Oostniewkirke. The 16th Bavarian Division counter-attack plan "Get Closer" (Näher heran) had been ordered at 5:15 a.m. and by 9:00 a.m., the division had advanced towards the area between Polygon Wood and Inverness Copse. British medium and heavy artillery fired on the German units, which were forced to deploy and advance from cover. After a considerable delay, the survivors reached British machine-gun range, as their artillery support overshot the British positions. Visibility was still exceptionally good, with the sun behind the British and Australians, who were easily able to see movement in front of them on the Gheluvelt plateau.

投稿日時 - 2017-08-19 15:05:11

QNo.9364794

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>During the British infantry advances, German artillery managed a considerable amount of counter-battery fire, particularly from Zillebeke to Verbrandenmolen but this was not enough to stop the British artillery heavily bombarding German reserve battalions of the Stellungsdivisionen (ground-holding divisions), as they made futile attempts to counter-attack from 10:00 a.m. – 1.30 p.m. At 1:48 p.m. the British standing barrage in front of the new line ended.
⇒英国軍歩兵隊の進軍の間に、ドイツ軍の砲兵隊は特にツィレベケからフェアブランデンモレンまでの間でかなりの量の反撃砲火を行ったが、これはドイツ軍の陣地師団(地面保持師団)の予備大隊を激しく砲撃する英国軍の砲兵隊を止めるのに十分ではなかった。というのも、彼らは午前10時から午後1時30分にかけて無益な反撃を試みたのであった。午後1時48分、英国軍の新しい前線における集中砲火の待機は終了した。

>British air reconnaissance from zero hour was conducted by a contact aeroplane over each corps area, to observe the progress of the British infantry and one counter-attack observation machine watching for German counter-attacks, from which German Eingreif units were seen advancing from the Flandern III Stellung at Menin, Moorslede and Westroosebeek. During the day 394 wireless messages were received from British observation aircraft and about  1⁄3 of the reports resulting in immediate artillery fire.
⇒戦闘開始時点からの英国軍の空中調査は、英国軍歩兵隊の前進を観察する個々の軍団地域上空の接触飛行隊とドイツ軍の反撃を監視する反撃観察機により実施された。その反撃観察機により、ドイツ軍アイングリーフ部隊がメニンのフランドル第III陣地、モースレデ、およびヴェストルーズベークから進軍するのが見られた。その日のうちに、英国軍の観察航空機から394回の無線伝言が受信されて、そのうちの1/3が即時の砲撃砲火を結果した。

>After 3.00 p.m., approximately three German infantry battalions were reported north of the Menin Road, moving up the Reutelbeek valley towards Polderhoek and a similar force with field artillery was seen moving west towards I Anzac Corps at Polygon Wood and Anzac spur. Another force was observed descending from the Poelcappelle spur at Westroosebeek, towards positions held by the Fifth Army.
⇒午後3時過ぎに、約3個のドイツ軍の歩兵大隊がポルダーホークの方へ向ってリューテルベーク渓谷を移動してメニン道路の北にいるとの報告があり、野戦砲を携えた同じような軍団がポリゴン・ウッドとアンザック山脚の第1アンザック軍団の方へ向って西へ移動中であるのが見られた。もう1つの軍団が、第5方面軍によって保持される陣地の方へ向ってヴェストルーズベークのポエルカッペル山脚から下りて来るのが観察された。

>The troops were the leading regiments of three Eingreifdivisionen, 16th Bavarian from Gheluwe, 236th Division from Moorslede and 234th Division from Oostniewkirke. The 16th Bavarian Division counter-attack plan "Get Closer" (Näher heran) had been ordered at 5:15 a.m. and by 9:00 a.m., the division had advanced towards the area between Polygon Wood and Inverness Copse.
⇒その軍隊は、アイングリーフ3個師団の主導連隊、ゲルーヴェから来た第16ババリア師団、モースレデからの第236師団、およびオーストニューキルクからの第234師団であった。第16ババリア師団の反撃計画「もっと近づけ」(もっとこっちへ)が午前5時15分に発令されて、午前9時までにこの師団はポリゴンウッドとインバーネス雑木林の間の地域に進んだ。

>British medium and heavy artillery fired on the German units, which were forced to deploy and advance from cover. After a considerable delay, the survivors reached British machine-gun range, as their artillery support overshot the British positions. Visibility was still exceptionally good, with the sun behind the British and Australians, who were easily able to see movement in front of them on the Gheluvelt plateau.
⇒英国軍の中砲と重砲がドイツ軍部隊に発射されたので、彼らは隠れ場から展開し、進軍せざるを得なくなった。かなりの遅延の後、彼らの支援砲撃が英国軍の陣地を飛び越したので、生存者が英国軍の機関銃の射程内に入った。視界がまだ非常によかったこと、および英国軍とオーストラリア軍の背後からの太陽光によって、ゲルヴェルト高原上の彼らの動きを前から容易に見ることができた。

投稿日時 - 2017-08-24 22:52:34

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-08-26 17:15:51

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