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The drastic shift in economic climate forced the countries to re-evaluate their situation and to promote industries where they had fallen short. Austria and Czechoslovakia subsidised the mill, sugar and brewing industries, while Hungary attempted to increase the efficiency of iron, steel, glass and chemical industries. The stated objective was that all countries should become self-sufficient. This tendency, however, led to uniform economies and competitive economic advantage of long well-established industries and research fields evaporated. The lack of specialisation adversely affected the whole Danube-Carpathian region and caused a distinct setback of growth and development compared to the West as well as high financial vulnerability and instability. Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia had to assume part of the financial obligations of the former Kingdom of Hungary on account of the parts of its former territory that were assigned under their sovereignty.
Some conditions of the Treaty were similar to those imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles. After the war, the Austro-Hungarian navy, air force and army were disbanded. The army of post-Trianon Hungary was to be restricted to 35,000 men and there was to be no conscription. Heavy artillery, tanks and air force were prohibited. Further provisions stated that in Hungary, no railway would be built with more than one track, because at that time railways held substantial strategic importance economically and militarily.
Hungary also renounced all privileges in territories outside Europe that were administered by the former Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
Articles 54–60 of the Treaty required Hungary to recognise various rights of national minorities within its borders.
Articles 61–66 stated that all former citizens of the Kingdom of Hungary living outside the newly defined frontiers of Hungary were to ipso facto lose their Hungarian nationality in one year.

投稿日時 - 2018-12-05 02:25:18

QNo.9564728

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>The drastic shift in economic climate forced the countries to re-evaluate their situation and to promote industries where they had fallen short. Austria and Czechoslovakia subsidised the mill, sugar and brewing industries, while Hungary attempted to increase the efficiency of iron, steel, glass and chemical industries. The stated objective was that all countries should become self-sufficient. This tendency, however, led to uniform economies and competitive economic advantage of long well-established industries and research fields evaporated.
⇒経済環境の激しい変化によって、諸国は自らの状況を再評価し、不足していた産業の促進を余儀なくされた。(それで)オーストリアとチェコスロバキアは、製粉場、砂糖、醸造業を助成し、ハンガリーは、鉄鋼、ガラス、化学工業の効率を高めることに意を用いた。目的として言明された事柄は、すべての国が自給自足することであった。しかしながら、この傾向は画一的な経済をもたらし、長い間に確立されてきた産業と研究分野の経済的優位性が蒸発・霧散した。

>The lack of specialisation adversely affected the whole Danube-Carpathian region and caused a distinct setback of growth and development compared to the West as well as high financial vulnerability and instability. Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia had to assume part of the financial obligations of the former Kingdom of Hungary on account of the parts of its former territory that were assigned under their sovereignty.
⇒専門化の欠如が、ドナウ‐カルパチア地域全体に悪影響を及ぼし、西側に比べて成長・発展の顕著な後退を引き起こし、高い金融脆弱性と不安定性をもたらした。ルーマニア、ユーゴスラビア、チェコスロバキアは、かつて旧ハンガリー王国の主権の下に割り当てられていた領土部分であったために、その財政義務の一部を引き受けなければならなかった。

> Some conditions of the Treaty were similar to those imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles. After the war, the Austro-Hungarian navy, air force and army were disbanded. The army of post-Trianon Hungary was to be restricted to 35,000 men and there was to be no conscription. Heavy artillery, tanks and air force were prohibited. Further provisions stated that in Hungary, no railway would be built with more than one track, because at that time railways held substantial strategic importance economically and militarily.
⇒本条約のいくつかの条件は、「ベルサイユ条約」によってドイツに課せられた条件と類似していた。戦後、オーストリア‐ハンガリー海軍、空軍、方面軍が解散させられた。トリアノン後のハンガリー軍隊は35,000人に制限され、徴兵されることもなくなった。重砲、戦車、空軍機は禁止された。さらに、この条項によると、ハンガリーでは、鉄道が経済的にも軍事的にも重要な戦略的重要性を有していたので、複数路線の鉄道を建設することもよしとされなかった。

>Hungary also renounced all privileges in territories outside Europe that were administered by the former Austro-Hungarian monarchy.
 Articles 54–60 of the Treaty required Hungary to recognise various rights of national minorities within its borders.
 Articles 61–66 stated that all former citizens of the Kingdom of Hungary living outside the newly defined frontiers of Hungary were to ipso facto lose their Hungarian nationality in one year.
⇒ハンガリーはまた、旧オーストリア‐ハンガリー君主制によって運営されていたヨーロッパ以外の領土におけるすべての特権を放棄した。
 条約の第54‐60条は、ハンガリーに対して、国境内の少数民族の様々な権利を認めるよう要求した。
 第61‐66条は、新たに定義されたハンガリー国境の外に住んでいるすべての旧ハンガリー王国市民が事実上1年間でハンガリー国籍を失うものとする、と言明した。

投稿日時 - 2018-12-10 10:31:04

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2018-12-10 14:36:54

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