Russian casualties were nearly as high, but easier to replace, and balanced out more by the surrender of 117,000 Austro-Hungarian troops at the end of the siege. All told, the siege and the attempts to relieve it cost the Austro-Hungarian army over a million casualties and inflicted on it significant damage from which it would never recover.

The Bombardment of Madras was an engagement of the First World War, at Madras (now Chennai), British India. The bombardment was initiated by the German light cruiser Emden at the outset of the war in 1914.
With Captain Karl von Müller in command, on the night of 22 September 1914, SMS Emden quietly approached the city of Madras on the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. As he later wrote, "I had this shelling in view simply as a demonstration to arouse interest among the Indian population, to disturb English commerce, to diminish English prestige." After entering the Madras harbour area, Müller illuminated six large oil tanks belonging to the Burmah Oil Company with his searchlights, then fired at a range of 3,000 yards. After ten minutes of firing, Emden had hit five of the tanks and destroyed 346,000 gallons of fuel, and the cruiser then successfully retreated.

The Bombardment of Madras マドラス砲撃

The Bombardment of Papeete occurred in French Polynesia when German warships attacked on 22 September 1914, during World War I. The German armoured cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau entered the port of Papeete on the island of Tahiti and sank the French gunboat Zélée and freighter Walküre before bombarding the town's fortifications. French shore batteries and a gunboat resisted the German intrusion but were greatly outgunned. The main German objective was to seize the coal piles stored on the island, but these were destroyed by the French at the start of the action.
The German vessels were largely undamaged but the French lost their gunboat. Several of Papeete's buildings were destroyed and the town's economy was severely disrupted. The main strategic consequence of the engagement was the disclosure of the cruisers' positions to the British Admiralty, which led to the Battle of Coronel where the entire German East Asia Squadron defeated a Royal Navy squadron. The depletion of Scharnhorst's and Gneisenau's ammunition at Papeete also contributed to their subsequent destruction at the Battle of the Falklands. Word of war reached Admiral Maximilian von Spee—of the German East Asia Squadron—while at Ponape (17 July – 6 August). He concentrated the majority of his squadron at Pagan Island in the nearby Mariana Islands, and then steamed off into the Pacific with the Scharnhorst-class armored cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, the Königsberg-class light cruiser SMS Nürnberg, the auxiliary cruiser SMS Titania, and several colliers at his disposal. Nürnberg and Titania were sent to gather intelligence at Hawaii and raid the cable station at Fanning Island.

Bombardment of Papeete パペーテ砲撃

投稿日時 - 2019-05-18 14:45:13




>Russian casualties were ~ would never recover.
 The Bombardment of Madras ~ the war in 1914.

>With Captain Karl von Müller~ then successfully retreated.

>The Bombardment of Papeete ~ the start of the action.

>The German vessels were ~ Battle of the Falklands.

>Word of war reached ~ at Fanning Island.
⇒戦争の消息が、ポナペにいる(7月17日-8月6日)―ドイツ軍東アジア戦隊の― マクシミリアン・フォン・シュペー提督の耳に達した。彼は近くのマリアナ諸島のパガン島に大部分の艦隊を集結させて、その後シャーンホルスト(重量)級の装甲巡洋艦SMSシャーンホルスト号とグナイセナウ号、ケーニヒスベルク級軽巡洋艦SMSニュルンベルク号、補助巡洋艦SMSチタニア号、および数隻の石炭船を伴って太平洋へ向かった。ニュルンベルク号とチタニア号は諜報収集のためにハワイへ送られ、ファニング島でケーブル局を急襲した。

投稿日時 - 2019-05-26 20:16:20



投稿日時 - 2019-05-28 18:59:58